Medical science has reach to an extent where no disease is left untouched.Every single disease can be diagnosed and treated successfully provided that treatment starts well on time. Medical science is now divided into so many specialty and sub-specialty that now even minor disease or disorder is also cured by a specialist.
Medical science has reach to an extent where no disease is left untouched.Every single disease can be diagnosed and treated successfully provided that treatment starts well on time.Medical science is now divided into so many specialty and sub-specialty that now even minor disease or disorder is also cured by a specialist.A Specialist is the one who conducts the formal education in a specific field of medical science. And this indeed has helped to live a better and healthy life.Our body is made up of several organs and each of them requires adequate supply of blood and oxygen and if that supply is not met properly,it may cause life-threatening problems.Thus, blood and oxygen is major component of our body.
Blood is the most necessary fluid for the body as it transfers nutrients and minerals from one part of body to another.It is circulated all through the body with the help of blood vessels by the pumping action of heart.Any disease or infection in blood is dangerous for whole body.Hematology is the branch of biology physiology, internal medicine, pathology, clinical laboratory work, and pediatrics that is concerned with the study of blood, the blood-forming organs and blood diseases.Physician who specializes in hematology is known as hematologist.A hematologist’s routine work involves care and treatment of patient with blood diseases.Although some may also work at the hematology laboratory viewing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, interpreting various hematological test results.In some institutions, hematologists also manage the hematology laboratory.
Another specialty of medical science is hepatology.It is the branch of medicine that incorporates the study liver, Gallbladder, biliary tree,and pancreas as well as management of their disorders.Though traditionally deliberated a sub-specialty of gastroenterology,quick development has led in some countries to doctors specifically specializing on this area,who are called hepatologists.Diseases like viral hepatitis and alcohol are major reason to seek Hepatologist.About 80% of liver cancer is attributed to either hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus.Good number of people has been infected with hepatitis B at some or the other point of time.
Several of them get cleared with the disease but about 350 million people have become persistent carriers.With more extensive employment of vaccination and strict screening before blood transfusion,lower infection rates are likely in the future.In many countries,though,total alcohol drinking is on the rise,and accordingly the number of people with cirrhosis and other related difficulties is growing.
Anemia is the health condition when the body does not have enough red blood cells that supply oxygen to body tissues.Many parts of the body makes red blood cells, most of the work is done by bone marrow. Bone marrow is the soft tissues in the center of bones that helps from blood cells.Healthy red blood cells lasts for 90 to 120 days, part of your body remove the damaged or old blood cells.Hemoglobin is the protein present inside red blood cells, gives the red color to red blood cells.Anemia is basically caused due to loss of blood. Poor diet, intestinal problems, chronic disease, infections and other are the risk factors of anemia.
Treatment of anemia solely depends on the cause and type of it.For instance, if you have iron-deficiency anemia that is caused due to loss of blood, your doctor may conduct few test to know if you are losing blood from stomach or bowels and further continue with the treatment.Consult your doctor if you feel you are at risk of anemia.Your doctor will provide you with the best course of treatment depending upon your condition. S/he may refer to hematologist; the blood specialist for more appropriate treatment.